The Johns Hopkins University SAIS Bologna Centre (JHU-Bologna), now in its 57th year of operation, is a premier international centre for research and education in international relations, international development, and area studies and languages. The Centre brings together an international and diverse group of students who study under a distinguished international faculty, in a small and close-knit community, fostering a reciprocal exchange of information, opinions and ideas. With its strong emphasis on cross-disciplinary and comparative studies and its affiliation with the world-renowned Johns Hopkins University, the academic program of the SAIS Centre prepares students to enter careers in the public, private and non-profit sectors. The JHU Bologna Centre carries out an active programme of research through its Bologna Institute for Policy Research (BIPR). The BIPR promotes problem-cantered, interdisciplinary research in international and comparative policy led by Faculty Fellows and Research Professors and focused on seven main areas, including that of the third sector.
Role in Third Sector Impact
- Main responsibility: Coordination of third sector conceptualization and measurement; co-coordination of integrating findings and assembly of the final report.
- Additional responsibility: Stakeholder engagement.
- Handbook on Nonprofit Institutions in the System of National Accounts. United Nations, 2003
Developed in cooperation with an international team of statistical experts, and approved by the United Nations Statistical Commission in 2002, the UN Handbook on Nonprofit Institutions in the System of National Accounts offers countries a standard set of guidelines for gathering data on the nonprofit sector so that it can be seen and analyzed as a distinct sector in national economic accounts. The resulting “satellite accounts on non-profit institutions” pull together a much more comprehensive and reliable picture of the civil society sector than previously available, making it possible to gauge its contribution and track its evolution over time. As part of this process, statistical agencies are also called on to estimate the scale and value of the volunteer work these organizations mobilize and to include this in estimates of economic activity. This Handbook is currently being revised.
http://unstats.un.org/unsd/pubs/gesgrid.asp?id=329 (Free PDF download in English, French, Russian, Arabic, Chinese
- Lester M. Salamon, et.al. (1999) (2004) Global Civil Society: Dimensions of the Nonprofit Sector, Volumes One and Two. Johns Hopkins University: Kumarian Press
Volumes One and Two of the Global Civil Society series present a comprehensive country-by-country analysis of the scope, size, composition, and financing of the civil society sector in both developed and developing countries. Volume One examines data from 22 countries in Western and Central Europe, as well as Latin America, North America, Asia, and the Middle East. Volume Two expands this analysis to 36 countries, examining 14 of those countries in depth with a special focus on Africa, Asia, and the Middle East.
Volume One: http://bit.ly/1njarJD (Free PDF download)
Volume Two: http://amzn.to/1dwaPld (Kindle and hard copy versions available for purchase)
- International Labour Organization (2011) Manual on the Measurement of Volunteer Work.
Developed in collaboration with the International Labour Organization and an international Technical Experts Group, the ILO Manual on the Measurement of Volunteer Work is intended to guide countries in generating systematic and comparable data on volunteer work via regular supplements to labour force or other household surveys. The objective is to make available comparative cross-national data on a significant form of work that is growing in importance but that is often ignored or rarely captured in traditional economic statistics.
- Lester M. Salamon et.al (2013) The State of Global Civil Society and Volunteering: Latest findings from the implementation of the UN Nonprofit Handbook. Johns Hopkins University
This brief report provides the latest comparative findings resulting from the implementation of the UN Handbook on Nonprofit Institutions in the System of National Accounts. This report includes data on nonprofit employment, volunteering, fields of activity, contribution to GDP, expenditures, and revenues in 16 countries around the world.
http://bit.ly/WuRrhZ (Free PDF download)
- Lester M. Salamon (ed.) (2014) The New Frontiers of Philanthropy: A Guide to the New Tools and Actors that are Reshaping Global Philanthropy and Social Investing. Oxford University Press
With the resources of both governments and traditional philanthropy barely growing or in decline and the problems of poverty, ill-health and environmental degradation ballooning daily, it is increasingly clear that new models for financing and promoting social and environmental objectives are urgently needed. Fortunately, a significant revolution appears to be underway on the frontiers of philanthropy and social investing that is providing at least a partial response to this dilemma. This book examines the new actors and new tools that form the heart of this revolution and shows how they are reshaping the way we go about supporting solutions to social and environmental problems throughout the world. Based on the Introduction to the full New Frontiers of Philanthropy book Leverage for Good: An Introduction to the New Frontiers of Philanthropy and Social Investing by Lester M. Salamon (Oxford University Press, April 2014) offers an accessible overview of these new actors and tools, an analysis of the forces promoting these developments, and an introduction to the challenges they still face.
ProjectsHandbook on Nonprofit Institutions in the System of National Accounts revision (Ongoing) This project is undertaking a major revision of the UN Nonprofit Handbook which will take into account both the implementation experience to date and recent changes made in the broader System of National Accounts (SNA) of which this Handbook is a part. In addition, work carried out under the TSI to define the broader Social Economy, may be integrated into the Handbook in order to better capture these important institutions. This project is being carried out in collaboration with the UN Statistics Division and a Technical Experts Group. Role: Director Link to current Nonprofit Handbook: http://unstats.un.org/unsd/pubs/gesgrid.asp?id=329 Philanthropication thru Privatization Project (PtP) (Ongoing) A crucial barrier to the development of community foundations and other community-based philanthropic institutions in less-developed regions of the world has been the general lack of capital to underwrite their operations. In many of the same regions where foundation-building efforts are going starved for funds, enormous privatization sales are transferring huge stores of publicly owned assets into private hands. The PtP project explores and promotes the option for building community-based philanthropic endowments by capturing a portion of the proceeds of these privatization sales. This project is carried out under the eigis of the East-West Management Institute. Role: Director Project website: http://p-t-p.org/ (will go live late March/Early April 2014) EWMI page: http://www.ewmi.org/content/Philanthropication-thru-Privatization
- S. Wojciech Sokolowski (2001) Civil Society and the Professions in Eastern Europe: Social Change and Organization in Poland. Plenum/Kluwer
This book examines the process of creation new nonprofit organizations during transition to democracy in Eastern Europe. It finds that many such organizations were established by professional social and health service providers as the means of introducing novel forms of these services to the market. The nonprofit organizational form proved effective in legitimating unknown and controversial services to both the public and regulatory authorities.
- S. Wojciech Sokolowski ( 2000), The Discreet Charm of the Nonprofit Form: Service Professionals and the Nonprofit Organizations in Poland 1989-1993. In: International Journal of Voluntary and Non-Profit Organizations VOLUNTAS, June.
This paper examines the role of nonprofit organizations in the process of professional innovation that involved a transfer of human service technologies from Western Europe and the United States to Poland during the transition to democracy. The paper discoveres elective affinity between the nonprofit organizational form and occupational interests of service providers. As the existing system of professions is no longer sufficient to legitimate expert services and curb competition among different types of providers, the nonprofit organizational form legitimizes novel or controversial types of services, and is thus instrumental in marketing those services.
- S. Wojcieich Sokolowski (2011). Philanthropic Leadership in Totalitarian and Communist Societies. In: Agard, Kathryn Ann (ed.) Leadership in Nonprofit Organizations, Washington, DC: Sage Publications, pp. 138-145.
This book chapter examines the effect of non-democratic government on the development of civil society. It compares the dimensions of civil society sectors observed in countries with histories of authoritarian or communist rule and contrasts these developments with the countries without authoritarian or communist interludes. It finds that non-democratic governance stymied the growth of organziational capacity of the civil society sector and its cooperation with government. In addition, communist rule had a negative effect on volunteer engagement in civil society organizations.
- S. Wojciech Sokolowski, Lester M. Salamon and Megan A. Haddock (2011) Measuring the Economic Value of Volunteer Work Globally: Concepts, Estimates, and a Roadmap to the Future. In: Annals of Public and Cooperative Economics, 82(3): 217-252
This article explores alternative approaches for measuring the economic value of volunteer work, develops a methodology for producing global estimates of this value using existing data sources, and identifies a new data source that promises to yield significantly improved data on which to base such estimates in the future at both the global and national levels. Both volunteering through organizations and directly for individuals are considered. Different approaches to evaluation, including the replacement cost, opportunity cost, and social benefits approaches and both observed and reported market proxies, are examined. Based on a number of criteria, the replacement cost method using observed market wages is recommended. Using this method, the article estimates that ‘volunteerland,’ if it were its own country, would have the second largest adult population of any country in the world, and would be the world’s seventh largest economy.
- S. Wojciech Sokolowski (2012) Effects of Government Support of Nonprofit Institutions on Aggregate Private Philanthropy: Evidence from 40 countries. In: International Journal of Voluntary and Non-Profit Organizations VOLUNTAS, February.