The Institute of Labour Economics and Industrial Sociology (LEST) is a mixed research unit of the CNRS and of the Aix-Marseille University. The Institute develops research on labour, employment, training programmes and innovation in the social sciences and humanities. A specific thematic axis is focused on the analysis of third sector organisations (Economie sociale et solidaire). The LEST is well recognised in the field of multidisciplinary research and international comparative works. The institute is engaged in several networks and partnerships both at national and international levels.
Since 2011, the LEST is a member of the Laboratoire d’Excellence, LabexMed, driven by the Maison Méditerranéenne des Sciences de l’Homme (MMSH), which associates 15 mixed units of researches of the Aix-Marseille University. In addition, the LEST is a member of two doctoral schools of the University (Economic Sciences and Management and Spaces, Cultures and Societies).
Role in Third Sector Impact
- Main responsibility: External and internal barriers to third sector development.
- Additional responsibility: Conceptualisation of the third sector; advancing the measurement of the third sector; conceptual integration of findings; stakeholder engagement; dissemination of results.
ProjectsChildcare services in France: diversity and governance (2012-2013), Research project at the French national level, Caisse nationale d’allocations familiales Role: Pilot with Nadine Richez-Battesti http://www.caf.fr/etudes-et-statistiques/x-publications/dossiers-d-etudes Employment quality in Social Economy Organisations (2009- 2010) Research project on the quality of jobs in social economy organisations in comparison with forprofits and public organisations, for the Provence-Alpes-Côte d’Azur and Caisse des dépôts et consignations. Role: Pilot with Nadine Richez-Battesti Study on the situation of social and health services of general interest in the European Union (2005-2007) The aim of this study was to collect facts and illustrations to improve the knowledge of both service providers and the European Commission on questions concerning the application of the EU rules to the development of social services. The study covers a broad range of topics relevant for all social and heath services of general interest but also studied five sectors more in detail (child care, social housing, long-term care for the elderly, social integration and re-integration, labour market services for disadvantaged persons) for the situation in eight countries: the Czech Republic, France, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands, Poland, Sweden, and the United Kingdom. Pilots: The European Centre for Social Welfare Policy and Research (Vienna, Manfred Huber), the Institute for Social Work and Social Education (ISS) (Frankfurt/Main, Mathias Maucher, Peter Herrmann, Bernd Schulte) and the Ciriec International (Barbara Sak et Bernard Enjolras). Role: Country expert with Nadine Richez-Battesti and Johan Priou. http://ec.europa.eu/social/main.jsp?catId=794&langId=en Changing Family Structures and Social Policy: Childcare Services as Sources of Social Cohesion, TSFEPS (2001 – 2004) In a context of changing family structures, the TSFEPS Project analyzed the way public policy, the family sphere and third sector organizations interact in the field of childcare services. Its specific objective was to understand the impact of these services on social cohesion, and their suitability in responding to the changes in family structures. The research employed a comparative approach, studying eight European Union member states. Its findings were used to develop recommendations on social and family policy. For the TSFEPS project, the different partners also gathered and compared respective analysis during the established joint working sessions. http://www.emes.net/what-we-do/research-projects/personal-and-social-services/tsfeps/#sthash.tWBw3eHv.dpuf
Nadine Richez-Battesti is co-coordinator of the TSI research programme for the Institute of Labour Economics and Industrial Sociology (LEST- CNRS). She is a lecturer at the Aix-Marseille University and researcher in economics at the LEST. She is co-responsible of the second year of the Master Degree specialised in the management of third sector organisations of the Aix-Marseille University. She is a member of research networks at national and international levels (e.g. CIRIEC International, CIRIEC France, RIUESS).
Nadine is responsible for one of the two research programmes of the LEST on labour markets, professional trajectories and professions. She is part of the executive committee of the Institute, and is the chairwoman of the scientific committee of the Social Economy Observatory of the Provence-Alpes, Côte d’Azur Region. Her main research fields are social economy, governance and democracy of social economy, organizational studies, social innovation, cooperative banks and quality of work in social economy.
- Richez-Battesti N., Petrella F. (2013) Social networks and Entrepreneurship, in Elias G. Carayannis (ed.), Encyclopedia of Creativity, Invention, Innovation, and Entrepreneurship, pp 1693-1700, Springler.
This paper first shows the diversity of network analysis approaches and the influence of the discipline’s starting points. Networks are then characterized in terms of indicators and methods. The interorganizational dimension of networks is more specifically characterized. Finally, the contributions and limits of network theory are discussed.
- Melnik, E., Petrella, F. et Richez-Battesti, N. (2013), Does the Professionalism of Management Practices in Nonprofits and For-profits Affect Job Satisfaction?”, International Journal of Human Resource Management, Volume 24, Issue 6, March 2013, pages 1300-132.
This paper examines workers' satisfaction related to the level of professionalism of managerial practices in the French services sector.
- Richez-Battesti N., Leseul G. (2014), Cooperative banks in Europe: Emergence, change, and challenges, In: Karafolas S.: Cooperative banks in Europe. A paraître.
The aim of this article is to present an overview of cooperative banks in France starting from their emergence, then provide the features of this model, their evolution in recent years, as well as the issues involved.
- Petrella, F & Richez-Battesti, N. (2014) Social entrepreneur, social entrepreneurship, social enterprise : semantics and controversies, Journal of Innovation Economics & Management, n° 14, 2014/2.
Although interest in social entrepreneurship is growing, it is still a controversial notion. Based on a literature survey, this paper identifies the major elements of controversy.
Industrial relations in Social Economy organisations : a comparison with for-profits (2013-2014) Research project at the French national level, Direction de l’animation de la recherche, des études et des statistiques (DARES), Ministry of Labour, Employment and Health. Role: Pilot with Francesca Petrella
Civil Society and New Forms of Governance, CINEFOGO (2005-2009) The CINEFOGO Network is concerned with the importance of improving citizens' participation in governance. This requires new knowledge on the role of multiple identities, active citizenship and organized civil society. CINEFOGO is a consortium consisting of more than forty universities and research institutes, and a number of public service institutions in 15 European countries. In addition, Harvard University from USA participates. The Network includes about 100 individual researchers. Almost half of these are women. The CINEFOGO's mission is to generate and spread knowledge on the evolution of citizenship and multiple identities in Europe, and addressing civic apathy and social exclusion in Europe. CINEFOGO has organized the activities by giving focus on research, education and public debates within three thematic areas: "Identities, Values, and Civic Cultures - Integration and Diversity", "Citizenship and Civic Participation in Relation to Social Protection", "Multi-level Governance and Organized Civil Society". Role: Country expert http://ec.europa.eu/research/social-sciences/projects/325_en.html
Governance regime and general interest within social services and health care, CIRIEC International (2003-2006) This research group of the Ciriec International is aimed of understanding the evolutions that social and health services are facing concerning their provision, their regulation and their financial resources, both in countries trying to achieve decent levels of social benefits despite the limited resources available or in richer economies that have important challenges to meet such as social cohesion or aging populations. These changes and reforms raise the question of the economic nature or their market dimension of social and health services : are social and health services different from other economic services? Do competition rules, especially in the EU, apply to social services and health? It is also necessary to identify what are the new instruments of public intervention in the field of social and health services and their consequences. Role: Country expert
Study on the situation of social and health services of general interest in the European Union (2005-2007) The aim of this study was to collect facts and illustrations to improve the knowledge of both service providers and the European Commission on questions concerning the application of the EU rules to the development of social services. The study covers a broad range of topics relevant for all social and heath services of general interest but also studied five sectors more in detail (child care, social housing, long-term care for the elderly, social integration and re-integration, labour market services for disadvantaged persons) for the situation in eight countries: the Czech Republic, France, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands, Poland, Sweden, and the United Kingdom. Pilots: The European Centre for Social Welfare Policy and Research (Vienna, Manfred Huber), the Institute for Social Work and Social Education (ISS) (Frankfurt/Main, Mathias Maucher, Peter Herrmann, Bernd Schulte) and the Ciriec International (Barbara Sak et Bernard Enjolras). Role: Country expert with Francesca Petrella and Johan Priou Source : http://ec.europa.eu/social/main.jsp?catId=794&langId=en